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Stralsund

From Academic Kids

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Stralsund coat of arms

Stralsund (Polish: Strzałw, Strzałowo) is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. It is situated at the southern coast of the Strelasund (a sound of the Baltic Sea separating the island of Rgen from the mainland). A bridge (the Rgendamm) and several ferry services connect Stralsund with the ports of Rgen. Population: 59,140 (31.12.2003).

History

The town was founded in the 13th century by Slavic settlers from Rgen. Traders from Germany arrived in the following years. The town began to rise. This challenged the powerful city of Lbeck, which burnt Stralsund down in 1249. Afterwards the town was rebuilt with a massive city wall having 11 town gates and 30 watchtowers.

In 1293 Stralsund became a member of the Hanseatic League. 300 ships flying the flag of Stralsund cruised the Baltic Sea in the 14th century.

In the 17th century Stralsund became a theatre in the Thirty Years' War. General Albrecht von Wallenstein besieged the city in 1628, until Swedish troops came to Stralsund's aid and forced the general to retreat. After the war the Peace of Westphalia (1648) handed Western Pomerania, Swedish Pomerania, and the city of Stralsund to Sweden. Stralsund remained under Swedish control until 1815, when it became a part of Prussia.

Sights in Stralsund

  • Nikolaikirche (Saint Nikolai, 1276, oldest church of Stralsund)
  • Marienkirche (Saint Mary, 1416, largest church of Stralsund)
  • Jakobikirche (Saint Jacob, 1303, destroyed several times, e.g. by Wallenstein and in World War II
  • Katharinenkloster (Monastery of Saint Catherine, 13th century, today an oceanographic museum
  • Town hall (13th century)

The historic centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Stralsund

da:Stralsund de:Stralsund eo:Stralsund es:Stralsund fr:Stralsund ja:シュトラルズント nds:Stralsund nl:Stralsund no:Stralsund pl:Strzałowo sv:Stralsund

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