Sahaba

From Academic Kids

Template:Islam In the Islamic religion, the Sahaba (or Asahaaba,الصحابه; both forms are plural--the singular is Sahaabi, which is Arabic for "friend", or "companion") are the companions of the Prophet Muhammad. A Sahabi knew or saw the Prophet, believed in his teachings, and died as a Muslim. At the time of the death of Muhammad, there were over 100,000 companions, tens of thousands of which have their names and biographies of various lengths recorded in readily available religious reference texts of the subject, ilmul-rijal, literally, "knowledge of men."

Sunnis claim that all Sahaba were truthfull and reliable. This can be ilustrated in that when Sunnis are evaluating the string of narations in one hadith, if there is a missing link in the chain of narrators, but they know that its a Sahabi, then according to "all the sahaba are truthfull" principle, the whole chain is authenticated, providing that the rest of the narators are reliable as well.

Shias do not have that rule and have different views on each Sahabi.

Contents

Major Sahaba

`Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf, Abdullah ibn Abbas, Abu Bakr, Abu -Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah, Ibn Umar, Khalid ibn Walid, Muawiyah, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, Sa`id ibn Zayd ibn `Amr, Talha, Umar, Uthman, Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam,

and many many others.

Sahaba that hold a positive status in Shias eyes:

Abdullah ibn Abbas, Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, Ammar ibn Yasir Abu Dharr Malik Ashtar

(NOTE: Ali is not considered a sahaba, but amongst the Ahl ul-Bayt)

Sahaba that are hold a Neutral status in Shia eyes:

`Abd al-Rahman ibn 'Awf, Abu -Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas, Sa`id ibn Zayd ibn `Amr, Talha, Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam, Ibn Umar

Sahaba that hold a negative status in Shia eyes:

Abu Bakr, Uthman

Sahabas that hold a strong negative status in Shia eyes:

Umar, Khalid ibn Walid, Muawiyah Uthman

Other group designations

Ahlul Bayt

Sahaba are different from Ahlul Bayt (translated as "People of the House"), Ahlul Bayt are the Prophet Muhammed and his "kith and kin"; his daughter Fatima, Ali and his grandchildren through them.

Sunni Sources 1 (http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5955) 2 (http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5915)

In sunni sources (http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5923) it is explicitly said that the Prophets wives are not included in his household.

Muhammed is reported to leave two eighty things after him in the famous hadith of thaqlain (http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/muslim/031.smt.html#031.5920),the Quran and his Ahl ul-Bayt.

Taba'een

The generation after the Sahaba is known as the Taba'een or "followers".id:Sahabat Nabi nl:Sahaba

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools