Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya

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Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya or FGC is a railway company, which operates several unconnected systems of lines in Catalonia. In total the company operates 140 km (88 miles) of metre gauge track, 42 km (24 miles) of standard gauge track, 89 km (56 miles) of broad gauge track, and two metre gauge mountain railways.

Contents

Barcelona commuter lines

The company operates some of the commuter rail network into Barcelona. All lines are electrified using overhead wires. There are two distinct (and separate) systems:

  • The Metro del Vallès and Línia de Balmes lines are standard gauge (1435mm) lines that run from the Plaça de Catalunya to Av. Tibidabo (L7, brown on the map), Reina Elisenda (L6, purple), Sant Cugat de Vallès (S5), Sabadell (S2), and Terrassa (S1).

The line numbering is as follows:

  • L prefixed lines (L for Línia) are treated as part of the Barcelona metro system (which consists of L1-L5 for the metro proper, L6-L8 on the FGC, L9 is a metro line being built and L11 is a short light railway system in the northwest - see Barcelona Metro). These lines used to be known as U6-U8 (U for Urbà).
  • S prefixed lines (S for Suburbà) are suburban lines, extending into zone 2 or 3 of the metropolitan fare zones
  • R prefixed lines (R for Rodalies) are Interurban lines, extending beyond zone 3. Lines R1-R4 (sometimes C1-C4, C for Cercanías) are operated by RENFE, R5 and R6 are operated by FGC.

Mountain railway lines

The FGC operates two mountain railway lines, both built to metre gauge and using rack propulsion:

The FGC also operates two funicular railways from the summit station of the Montserrat Rack Railway.

Broad gauge lines

On the 1st January 2005, ownership of the non-electrified broad gauge line from Lleida to La Pobla de Segur passed from RENFE to FGC. This is the most run down line in Catalonia - the stretch from Lleida to Balaguer was upgraded (using second hand track) in the recent past, but from Balaguer northwards the track is in an appalling state. FGC have a number of plans for this line, including increasing the service frequency from 3 trains a day to a 30 minute service from Balaguer to Lleida, along the lines of a commuter railway; replacing all of the track and sleepers; introducing new trains to replace the ancient diesel stock currently used, and promotion of the line to tourists (it passes through some scenic countryside at its northern end). There are even plans to extend the line to the Pyrenees and possibly on to connect with railways in France - the original plan for the line when it was built, but never carried out.

See also

External links

de:Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya

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