Chiang Mai Province

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Chiang Mai
เชียงใหม่
Statistics
Capital:Chiang Mai
Area:20,107.0 km²
Ranked 2nd
Inhabitants:1,500,127 (2000)
Ranked 6th
Pop. density:75 inh./km²
Ranked 58th
ISO 3166-2:TH-50
Map
Map of Thailand highlighting Chiang Mai Province

Chiang Mai (Thai เชียงใหม่) is the second-biggest province (changwat) of Thailand, located in the north of the country. Neighboring provinces are (from north-east clockwise) Chiang Rai, Lampang, Lamphun, Tak and Mae Hong Son. In the north it borders Myanmar.

Contents

Geography

The district is covered by many mountains, usually stretching in the south-north direction. The river Ping, one of the major tributaries of the Chao Phraya River, originates in the Chiang Dao mountains. The highest mountain of Thailand, the 2,575 meter high Doi Inthanon, is located in the district. Several national parks are in the district: Doi Inthanon, Doi Suthep-Pui, Mae Ping, Sri Lanna, Huay Nam Dang, Mae Phang, Chiang Dao.

History

The city of Chiang Mai was capital of the kingdom Lanna after its founding in 1296. In 1599 the kingdom lost its independence and became part of the Ayutthaya kingdom. 1932 the province Chiang Mai became the second level subdivision of Thailand when the administrative unit of Monthon Phayap, the remains of the Lanna kingdom, was dissolved.

Demographics

13.4% of the population in the province are members of the hill tribes, among them the Hmong, Yao, Lahu, Lisu, Akha and Karen.

Symbols

Missing image
Seal_Chiang_Mai.png
Provincial seal

The seal of the province shows a white elephant in a glass pavilion. The white elephant is a royal symbol in Thailand, and it is depicted to remember the offering of a white elephant by King Rama II to the ruler of Chiang Mai. The pavilion symbolizes that Buddhism prospered in Chiang Mai, especially when in 1477 the teachings of Buddha, the Tripitaka, were reviewed.

The provincial flower and tree is the Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma).

Administrative divisions

Chiang Mai is subdivided into 22 districts (Amphoe) and 2 minor districts (King Amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 204 communes (tambon) and 1915 villages.

Amphoe King Amphoe
  1. Mueang Chiang Mai
  2. Chom Thong
  3. Mae Chaem
  4. Chiang Dao
  5. Doi Saket
  6. Mae Taeng
  7. Mae Rim
  8. Samoeng
  9. Fang
  10. Mae Ai
  11. Phrao

  1. San Pa Tong
  2. San Kamphaeng
  3. San Sai
  4. Hang Dong
  5. Hot
  6. Doi Tao
  7. Omkoi
  8. Saraphi
  9. Wiang Haeng
  10. Chai Prakan
  11. Mae Wang
  1. Mae On
  2. Doi Lo

External links


edit  (http://aids.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Provinces_of_Thailand&action=edit) Provinces of Thailand Flag of Thailand
North: Chiang Mai | Chiang Rai | Kamphaeng Phet | Lampang | Lamphun | Mae Hong Son | Nakhon Sawan | Nan | Phayao | Phetchabun | Phichit | Phitsanulok | Phrae | Sukhothai | Tak | Uthai Thani | Uttaradit
North-East: Amnat Charoen | Buriram | Chaiyaphum | Kalasin | Khon Kaen | Loei | Maha Sarakham | Mukdahan | Nakhon Phanom | Nakhon Ratchasima | Nongbua Lamphu | Nong Khai | Roi Et | Sakon Nakhon | Sisaket | Surin | Ubon Ratchathani | Udon Thani | Yasothon
Central: Ang Thong | Ayutthaya | Bangkok | Chachoengsao | Chainat | Kanchanaburi | Lopburi | Nakhon Nayok | Nakhon Pathom | Nonthaburi | Pathum Thani | Prachinburi | Phetchaburi | Prachuap Khiri Khan | Ratchaburi | Sa Kaeo | Samut Prakan | Samut Sakhon | Samut Songkhram | Saraburi | Sing Buri | Suphanburi
South: Chumphon | Krabi | Nakhon Si Thammarat | Narathiwat | Pattani | Phang Nga | Phattalung | Phuket | Ranong | Satun | Songkhla | Surat Thani | Trang | Yala
East: Chanthaburi | Chonburi | Rayong | Trat
de:Chiang Mai (Provinz)

fr:Province de Chiang Mai ms:Wilayah Chiang Mai nl:Changwat Chiang Mai ja:チエンマイ県 no:Chiang Mai (provins) fi:Chiang Mai th:จังหวัดเชียงใหม่

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