Azuki bean

From Academic Kids

Azuki bean

Azuki beans
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Subfamily:Faboideae
Tribe:Phaseoleae
Genus:Vigna
Species:angularis

Template:Taxobox section binomial botany

The azuki bean (also spelled adzuki) is an annual vine widely grown throughout northeast Asia and the Himalaya for its small (approximately 5mm) bean . The cultivars most familiar in northeast Asia have a uniform red color, but white, black, gray and variously mottled varieties are also known.

Genetic evidence indicates that the azuki bean was first domesticated in the Himalaya. It was cultivated in China and Korea before 1000 BC. It was later taken to Japan, where it is now the second most popular legume after the soybean.

Names

The name "azuki" is a transliteration of the native Japanese name. Japanese also has a Chinese loanword, "shozu" (小豆), which means "small bean" (its counterpart "large bean" (大豆; daizu) being the soybean). It is common to write "shozu" in kanji but pronounce it as "azuki".

In China, the corresponding name (Template:Zh-cp) is still used in botanical or agricultural parlance. However in everyday Chinese, the more common word is hongdou (红豆; hóngdòu), meaning "red bean", because almost all Chinese cultivars are uniformly red. In English-language discussions of Chinese topics, the term "red bean" is often used (especially in reference to red bean paste), but in other contexts this usage can cause confusion with other beans that are also red.

Uses

In Chinese cuisine, Korean cuisine and Japanese cuisine, the azuki bean is almost always eaten moderately sweetened. In particular, it is often boiled with sugar, resulting in red bean paste or an, a very common ingredient of desserts in all three cuisines. A more liquid version, using azuki beans boiled with sugar, lotus seeds and orange peel, produces a dessert called red bean soup. Azuki beans are also commonly eaten sprouted, or boiled in a hot, tea-like drink.

In Japan, rice with azuki beans (赤飯; sekihan) is traditionally cooked for auspicious occasions. Azuki beans are also used to produce amanattō.

External links

Template:Unimelbde:Adzukibohne ja:アズキ zh:小豆

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